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 if 2 ore condition*l type 2

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مُساهمةموضوع: if 2 ore condition*l type 2   السبت أكتوبر 17, 2015 4:12 am

Conditional - if Clauses - Type Two
Type 2 - Second Conditional The second conditional(also conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future. This conditional is usually based on unreal - imaginary events. These situations are most probably impossible to realize.
There is not a real possibility that this condition will happen.
For example,
You dream of having a million Dollars. Normally, You don't have that much money. it is impossible for you.
but you just imagine having a million Dollars and say: (by using this type of conditionals)
*.If I had a million Dollars, I would buy a house in Hawaii.
*.If I had a million Dollars, I would drive a Ferrari car. You just imagine what you can do with such amount of money.
Situation:
I am ill now, so I won’t come with you. (this is reality in present and future)
Conditional:
If I weren’t ill, I would come with you. ( we use past time here, but the meaning is present.)
Situation:
They live in London so we can’t see each other very often (reality in present time)
Conditional: If they didn’t live in London, we could see each other very often
Situation:
She can’t buy that car, because she doesn’t have enough money. (reality in present time)
Conditional: She could buy the car if she had enough money.
Situation:
I don't have any money, so I cannot lend you any.
Conditional:
If I had some money, I could give you some.
Situation:We won't go there because we don't like there.
Conditional:
We would go there if we liked there.
How to formSecond Conditionalsentence:
Rule and Form:
In second conditional sentences, we usually use the following structure:
if + simple past , would/could/might
*.
If Ilivednear my office, I’d (would)be in time for work.
*.
If Iwona million Dollars, Iwouldbuy a Ferrari car.
*.
If Iwereyounger than you, Icouldfaster.
*.
If the pricesweren’tvery high, wemightbuy a car.
*.
If Idyedmy hair blue, everyonewouldlaugh at me.
*.
If Ihada map, Iwouldlend it to you.
*.
If hestudiedmore, hecouldpass the exam.
*.
Iwouldlower taxes if Iwerethe President.
*.
If Iwerea carpenter, Iwouldbuild my own table.
*.
If Iwereyou, Iwouldn'tdrive so fast.
IF CLAUSE (CONDITION)MAIN CLAUSE (RESULT)
*.Simple Past
*.Past Continuous
*.could / had to
*.should
*.would
*.might
*.could
If Clause (condition part)We can useSimple past ,Past Continuous, Could / had to, shouldin the if clause part of a second conditional.
Simple past
*.
If Ilivednear my office I’d be in time for work.
*.
If Iwereyou, I wouldn’t go there.
Past Continuous
*.
If heweren’tworkingnow, he could come to our party. (but he is working now)
*.
If the babyweren’tsleeping, I would go out. (but he is sleeping)
Could / Had to
*.
If shecoulduse computer, they would accept her for the job (but she can’t use computer)
*.
If theyhadtoget up early, they would go to bed early. (but they don’t have to get up early)
Should (probability)
*.
If thereshouldbe draught, we would have many problems.
Use of a comma
When we use if clause at the the beginning of the sentence weuse a comma(,) :
*.If Iwona million Dollars, Iwouldbuy a Ferrari car.
but when we use if clause at the end of the sentence wedon't use a comma:
*.Iwouldbuy a Ferrari carif Iwona million Dollars.
Example Sentences
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if 2 ore condition*l type 2
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